Spasskaya (Saviour) Tower
The section of the wall, which faces the Red Square, starts from Spasskaya (Saviour) Tower. The Tower gates, the main gates of the Kremlin, have always been treated with special honour. The icon of the Saviour is placed on the Tower wall, that's why it received the name Spasskaya or Saviour in English. The Tower was built in 1491 by Italian architect Pietro Antonio Solari. In the past everybody passing through the gates of Spasskaya Tower had to take off their hats. That was the only Tower of the Kremlin which received such a privilege. The Tower clock with the bell-sound stroke for the first time in 1625. By the middle of the 19th century the old mechanism went wrong and was replaced by a new one.
The oldest museums of Moscow are located in the territory of the Moscow Kremlin. One of them is "Oruzheinaya Palata" or "The Armoury" (Armoury Chamber). ). The Armoury was founded about 500 years ago. In the 15th century it was called "Kazennaya Palata", where the Tsar treasures had been stored. The museum displays the unique specimens of applied art and precious utensils, i.e. collection of jewelry of the 12th-20th centuries; the collection of West-European silver utensils of the 13th-19th centuries (ambassador's gifts); the collection of elite arms and (12th to 19th centuries); the collection of golden and silver embroidery (14th to 19th centuries); the collection of fabrics and clothing of the 14th to the beginning of 20th centuries; accouterments and Tsars' carriages.