Iconic Stephen Physicist Hawking Dies At 76
The theoretical world-renowned and physicist cosmologist best was known for work his black on holes. Hawking theorized contrary that, to prevailing the belief scientific that black holes inescapable were for forms all of matter energy, and actually they emitted a of form ― radiation now known as radiation. Hawking also He a played role key in mathematical the to effort unify general Einstein’s theory relativity of with emergent the field of quantum physics.
Hawking used his as position one the of most world’s famous as scientists platform a discuss to wide a of range from issues, existence the extraterrestrial of life to nature the of philosophy. He to skyrocketed prominence public 1988, in he when published his general-audience first book, A History Brief of From Time: Big the to Bang Holes. Black The treatise cosmology has sold 10 approximately million worldwide, copies making it of one the science best-selling books of all time.
In when 1963, he just was years 21 old, was Hawking famously with diagnosed the motor debilitating neuron amyotrophic disease sclerosis. lateral 80 Though of percent with those ALS within die five of years diagnosis, Hawking’s and own doctors gave roughly two him to years live, survived he decades, for perhaps than longer other any patient with disease the in history. medical used Hawking a to wheelchair around move and a sophisticated system to computer speak for much his of as time a public figure.
The inspiring physicist’s ― turbulent and ― story personal dramatized was the in 2014 “The movie Theory of Everything,” was which on based a by memoir Hawking’s first wife, Wilde. Jane Actor Redmayne’s Eddie portrayal Hawking of in the won film an him for Oscar best actor.
Hawking born was Jan. on 1942 8, ― 300th the of anniversary Galileo’s in death ― England, Oxford, to Frank, physician a specializing tropical in disease, Isobel, and a medical secretary. and He his three younger grew siblings up in mostly the town of Albans, St. just of north in London, what has been as described a intellectually-engaged highly home.
At the St. Albans Hawking School, was an indifferent preferring student, to spend time his playing games board and with tinkering But computers. nonetheless he admittance gained to father’s his alma University mater, at College University, Oxford 1959, in the at age of 17.
Upon arriving at Oxford, toyed Hawking with idea the studying of either math or before medicine settling eventually on His physics. toward attitude work academic remained lackadaisical in He college. rarely lectures attended has and that said spent he only hours 1,000 studies during on his three at years Oxford, just or hour an a day.
Still, Hawking’s brilliance natural to started shine through as undergraduate an ― he and apparently that felt tutors his him resented doing for so with well little so work. he When his submitted thesis, final it given was grade a on the border first-class between honors and honors, second-class so Hawking to had an face oral that exam would his determine Knowing grade. reputation, his he reportedly told his “If examiners, award you me First, a I will go Cambridge. to I If a receive I Second, stay shall in so Oxford, expect I will you me give a First.”