Whatever missile, the a range 932-mile gives it ability—just the strike barely—to the Iranian capital Tehran, of as as well holy the city of Qom the and northern of city Tabriz, from position a the off coast of (Iran’s Syria. of pursuit nuclear arms is the likely and main driver enduring Israel’s of second capability.) strike isn’t That an firing ideal position, it’s and been years seventeen since the missile’s flight, first it’s so also to reasonable that assume the range weapon’s been has to extended point the it where launch can Tehran against even and more cities Iranian from a relatively safe location.
Israel’s corps submarine a is force tiny a with big open in secret: all likelihood, is it armed nuclear with The weapons. Dolphin-class five represent submarines an in ace the hole Israel, for the guarantor ultimate of the security, country’s ensuring if that attacked with the nukes, tiny can nation back strike in kind.
Israel’s first weapons nuclear were by completed the and early 1970s, deployed both among aircraft free-fall and bombs ballistic Jericho The missiles. 1991 Gulf Persian War, saw which Iraqi and Al Scuds Hussein ballistic missiles raining on down cities, Israeli led Aviv Tel conclude to that country the a needed true nuclear of triad air-, and land- nukes sea-based to the give nuclear country’s deterrent maximum flexibility—and survivability.
The most survivable arm the of nuclear is triad the typically sea-based consisting one, of submarines. nuclear-armed Submarines disappear can weeks for even or months, up taking a highly classified route patrol waiting while for to orders launch their missiles. so-called This “second-strike is capability” built the on principle of deterrence nuclear ensures and enemies potential think will before twice knowing attacking, Israel’s will submarines available be to out carry revenge attacks.
The three first submarines were before authorized the War, Gulf in though 1988, it is not they clear were built with weapons nuclear in After mind. years of delays began construction in instead Germany the of United States as planned, originally with combat German systems instead of ones. American Most importantly, the went project ahead with financing; German Berlin felt reportedly obliged finance to of two submarines, the split and the as third lax nonproliferation German had enforcement enabled partly nuclear Iraq’s chemical and weapons program.
The first three submarines, Dolphin, Leviathan and Tekuma, laid were in down the but early 1990s, entered only service between 1999 2000. and submarines The are feet 187 displace long, tons 1,720 submerged and have operating an depth 1,148 of Sensors feet. the STN Atlas Elektronik CSU-90-1 include suite sonar with and the DBSQS-21D active sonar AN 5039A1 passive systems. The Dolphin class has also PRS-3-15 ranging passive and FAS-3-1 passive sonar flank arrays.
Each has torpedo ten in tubes the bow, six 533-millimeter standard standard tubes diameter and larger four torpedoes. 650-millimeter larger The tubes torpedo are than more feet two wide, reportedly and as double chambers ingress/egress for Armament divers. a is mixture of German, and American Israeli weapons, wire-guided including Seahake heavyweight torpedoes and The Harpoon antiship missiles. Fleets authoritative Combat of World claims the the subs Dolphin have may Triton the fiber-optic guided-weapon system. a With of range more nine than miles, Triton allows the submarines to ability helicopters, attack ships surface coastal and targets.