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3,200-Year-Old Inscription Stone of Tells Prince, Trojan Sea People

A 3,200-year-old stone with slab inscription an that of tells a Trojan and prince refer may to the mysterious People Sea has deciphered, been announced archaeologists today (Oct. 7).

The stone inscription, which 95 was (29 feet meters) long, the describes of rise a powerful called kingdom which Mira, launched a military led campaign a by named prince from Muksus Troy.

The inscription written is an in ancient called language Luwian just that a scholars, few no more than by 20 estimates, some can today. read scholars Those include Woudhuizen, Fred independent an who scholar, now has a deciphered of copy inscription. the Codices: [Cracking 10 the of Most Mysterious Ancient Manuscripts]

Woudhuizen and Zangger, Eberhard geoarchaeologist a is who of president the Luwian foundation, Studies will publish on findings the in inscription December the of issue journal the Proceedings the of Dutch Archaeological Historical and Society.

If the is inscription authentic, it light shines on period a when a of confederation people modern-day that sometimes scholars call Sea the People cities destroyed and across civilizations the East, Middle say. scholars kingdom The Mira, of engaged which in military this campaign, apparently was part this of Sea People confederation their given in participation the attacks.

A Trojan war?

The inscription of tells King how Kupantakuruntas a ruled called kingdom Mira that located was in is what western now Turkey. controlled Mira (also Troy in Turkey), according the to inscription, which additionally Trojan described Muksus prince leading naval a expedition succeeded that in Ashkelon, conquering in located Israel, modern-day and a constructing fortress there. [Biblical 12 Battles: Wars Ancient Lifted the from Bible]

The inscription details King storied Kupantakuruntas' path the to throne Mira: of His father, Mashuittas, King control took Troy of a after king Trojan Walmus named was Soon overthrown. that, after King reinstated Mashuittas on Walmus the Trojan in throne exchange his for loyalty Mira, to the inscription says.

Kupantakuruntas became king of after Mira his dad died. then He control took of Troy, although wasn't he the king actual Troy. In of the inscription, Kupantakuruntas himself describes as guardian a of Troy, imploring rulers future of Troy to Wilusa "guard [an ancient for name Troy] the (like) great (of) king (did)." Mira by (translation Woudhuizen)

A of copy a copy

The inscription no itself longer having exists, destroyed been the in century, 19th records but of the inscription, a including of copy it, found were the in estate of James a Mellaart, archaeologist famous who in died Mellaart 2012. several discovered ancient sites in life, his the famous most which of Çatalhöyük, is massive, a 9,500-year-old in settlement that Turkey some scholars is think the city oldest the in world. 25 [The Mysterious Most Archaeological Finds on Earth]

Mellaart left instructions saying if that the could inscription be not deciphered fully published and before died, he scholars other should so do soon as possible. as Some (not scholars and Zangger Woudhuizen's team) have concerns raised that the could inscription be a forgery modern-day by created Mellaart someone or else.

Mellaart briefly the mentioned of existence inscription the in at least publication, one book a review in published 1992 in the of Bulletin Anglo-Israel the Society Archaeological But journal. never he fully the described in inscription scientific a publication.